The World Health Organization said that many countries around the world are making progress in tobacco control, but new tobacco and nicotine products still pose a threat.
The report indicated that more than half of all countries and half of the world's population are now covered by at least two of these measures, with an increase of 14 countries and about one billion people since the last report in 2019. Tobacco products with pictorial health warnings, but there was no progress in the use of all measures. The report noted that some measures, such as raising taxes on tobacco, were slow, and 49 countries remained without any measures.
The organization stressed the need to address the threats posed by new nicotine and tobacco products, which presented in its report for the first time new data on electronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes, and said that these products are often marketed to children and adolescents by the tobacco industries that manufacture them using thousands of attractive flavors. Misleading claims about products The organization expressed concern that children who use these products are three times more likely to use tobacco products in the future and urged governments to implement regulations to prevent non-smokers from starting to use them to protect future generations.
The report pointed out that 84 countries lack protection from the unregulated spread of electronic nicotine delivery systems, pointing out that while 32 countries have banned electronic nicotine delivery systems, 79 other countries have adopted at least one measure to ban the use of these products in public places and to ban their advertising and promotion sponsoring them or requesting display of health warnings on packages, while there are 84 countries where these products are not regulated or restricted in any way.
The report indicated that the proportion of people who use tobacco has declined in most countries, but population growth means that the total number of people who smoke is still high.
The report noted that out of about one billion smokers worldwide, about 80% of them live in low- and middle-income countries, adding that tobacco is responsible for the deaths of about 8 million people annually, including one million people due to passive smoking.
Source : Al Ahram gate